Israel1968 ParalympicWheelchair Basketball in TEL AVIV ISRAELIsrael 
by Michael C. Bryce
These games were played outside at the Spivak Centre. The complete/incomplete divisions were removed. Women played in their own 5 team division for medals for the first time. No actual game sheets to verify anything. Very interesting is the fact that these games were not called Paralympics in the 1960's. The formal name given to these games was the 17th International Stoke Mandeville Games in Israel. The teams were housed in suburban Ramat Gan Tel Aviv and the basketball was played in Ohel Shem High School in Ramat Gan and the Spivak Recreation Centre for the Disabled which had an outdoor court.

At the 1964 Paralympic Games in Tokyo, Mexican observers were present with the purpose of staging the Games together with the IXX Olympic Games in Mexico City. There was some surprise when two years prior to the 1968 event, the Mexican government backed out of the commitment to host the Paralympics because of technical difficulties.

Wanting to keep the tradition going, Sir Ludwig Guttmann accepted the invitation of the Israeli government and the ILAN Society (an Israeli organization for individuals with physical disabilities) to host the 1968 International Stoke Mandeville Games at Ramat Gan near Tel Aviv. Israel’s offer to host the Games was motivated by its wish to mark its 20th anniversary of independence.

The Opening Ceremony on 4 November was held at the Hebrew University stadium in Jerusalem, before a crowd of more than 10,000. The Games were declared open by the Deputy Prime Minister, Mr. Yigal Allon. A total of 750 athletes from 29 countries participated.

Under the direction of Gershon Huberman, the sports program had enlarged considerably compared with the 1964 program in Tokyo. New events such as Lawn Bowls, women’s Basketball and the 100m wheelchair race for men were introduced. Changes were also introduced in the classification systems for Athletics, Basketball and Swimming. Nine events were on the sports program: Athletics (track and field events including Discus, Shot Put, Javelin and Club Throw), Basketball, Dart Archery, Fencing, Lawn Bowls, Snooker, Swimming, Table Tennis and Weightlifting.

Roberto Marson of Italy, then 25, was proclaimed outstanding athlete of the Games. After having won two gold medals in field events at the 1964 Games in Tokyo, Marson had worked diligently to broaden his athletic participation to Swimming and Fencing. He won nine gold medals this time—three in field events, three in swimming and three in fencing. Another outstanding athlete was Lorraine Dodd, 24, from Australia. She set three Swimming records in her class, all on the same day. Ed Owen, 20, of the USA, turned in a harvest of medals—two gold in Athletics, a gold for the Pentathlon, two gold in Swimming, a silver in Basketball, and a bronze in Javelin.

Men’s Basketball saw an exciting and much-awaited final. After a close fight, Israel beat the US 47-37, under the excellent leadership of captain Baruch Hagai. 

The Closing Ceremony on 13 November was held at the Tel Aviv Fairgrounds and attended by Deputy Prime Minister Allon. The 1968 Games were a success, with 20 records set within the 181 events held.

 

 

 

1968 Paralympics

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WOMEN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

final standings

 

 

 

 

mmmmmmmm

mmmmmm

mmmmmmmm

mmmmmmmmmmmmmm

 

 

 

GAMES PLAYED

WON

LOST

PTS FOR

PTS F AVG

PTS AGT

PTS A AVG

COACH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gold

1

ISRIsrael

4

4

0

69

17.3

27

6.8

Moshe Rosenberg

silver

2

ARG

4

3

1

46

11.5

35

8.8

 

bronze

3

USA

4

2

2

31

7.8

30

7.5

Lou Neishloss

 

4

AUT

4

1

3

36

9.0

45

11.3

Albert Wohrer

 

5

GBR

4

0

4

11

2.8

56

14.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

suggested scores (no games sheets provided)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

no dates provided

 

ARG

4

USA

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUT

12

GBR

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ISR

25

GBR

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ARG

22

AUT

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ISR

16

USA

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ARG

8

GBR

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA

10

AUT

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ISR

17

ARG

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ISR

11

AUT

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA

11

GBR

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1968

MEN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

final standings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAMES PLAYED

WON

LOST

PTS FOR

PTS F AVG

PTS AGT

PTS A AVG

COACH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gold

1

ISRIsrael

5

5

0

292

58.4

130

26.0

Reuven Heller

silver

2

USA

6

5

1

311

51.8

103

17.2

Jack Leonard

bronze

3

GBR

6

4

2

145

24.2

191

31.8

 

 

4

FRA

5

2

3

140

28.0

169

33.8

Robert Perri

 

5

BEL

4

3

1

114

28.5

69

17.3

Marcel Ornelis

 

6

ARG

4

1

3

64

21.3

103

34.3

 

 

7

ITA

4

3

1

94

31.3

76

25.3

 

 

8

CAN

4

1

3

83

20.8

143

35.8

Vic Cue

 

9

AUS

4

2

2

123

30.8

105

26.3

 

 

10

SWE

4

1

3

70

17.5

125

31.3

 

 

11

GER

5

1

4

52

13.0

131

32.8

Hans Knoeller

 

12

NED

4

1

3

54

18.0

130

43.3

 

 

13

SUI

3

0

3

46

15.3

113

37.7

 

 

 

 

58

29

29

1588

 

1588

 

 

 

 

note:avg's based on only games played in. games won or lost by default NOT in avg.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

suggested scores (no games sheets provided)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

nov 5-9

POOL A

USA

67

SUI

13

 

 

 

 

 

preliminary

 

GBR

33

GER

14

 

 

 

 

 

rounds

 

GBR

32

SUI

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA

48

GER

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GER

14

SUI

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA

59

GBR

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL B

ISR

57

FRA

31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ISR

69

NED

26

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FRA

36

NED

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL C

BEL

26

SWE

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BEL

29

CAN

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CAN

35

SWE

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL D

ITA

27

ARG

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ITA

37

AUS

23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ARG

24

AUS

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

nov 9

 

AUS

37

GER

22

 

 

 

 

 

CROSS OVER

 

USA

56

ARG

19

 

 

 

 

 

A & D

 

GBR

32

ITA

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

nov 9

 

ISR

59

CAN

18

 

 

 

 

 

CROSS OVER

 

FRA

31

BEL

19

 

 

 

 

 

B & C

 

SWE

25

NED

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

nov 11

 

NED

2

GER

0

11th & 12th DEFAULT

 

 

 

 

PLACEMENT GAMES

 

AUS

43

SWE

22

9th & 10th

 

 

 

 

 

 

BEL

40

CAN

10

7th & 8th

 

 

 

 

 

 

ITA

2

ARG

0

5th & 6th DEFAULT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SEMI FINALS

 

ISR

60

FRA

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA

44

GBR

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

nov 12

 

GBR

26

FRA

24

BRONZE

 

 

 

 

 

 

ISR

47

USA

37

GOLD/SILVER

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1968 Tel Aviv (Israel) MEDAL Totals

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 USA 33 27 39 99
2 Great Britain 27 21 20 68
3 Israel 17 21 25 63
4 Australia 15 16 7 38
5 France 14 9 9 32
6 Italy 13 10 15 38
7 Netherlands 12 4 4 20
8 German Federal Republic 12 12 11 35
9 Argentina 11 10 10 31
10 South Africa 9 10 7 26
11 Canada 6 6 7 19
12 Rhodesia 5 8 7 20
13 Norway 5 3 1 9
14 Jamaica 3 1 1 5
15 Japan 2 2 8 12
16 Austria 2 6 11 19
17 Sweden 1 6 4 11
18 Ireland 1 5 5 11
19 New Zealand 1 2 1 4
20 Switzerland 0 2 6 8
21 Belgium 0 3 3 6
22 Spain 0 4 0 4

 

Mon621
German National Team vs Australian National Team
in the 2005 Spitfire Challenge
Mon488


Canadian National Team vs German National Team  in 2005 Spitfire Challenge action


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