1976 PARALYMPIC Wheelchair Basletball in TORONTO CANADA

by Michael C. Bryce

Toronto 1976

The 1976 Paralympic Games were held in Toronto instead of Montreal which was the site of the Olympics that year. The wheelchair games were played at the Etobicoke Olympium. This site was also used for the first 29 Spitfire Challenges (1980 to 2011). A total of 21 teams were entered in the men's competition and another 5 in the women's group. The 1976 Paralympic Games were attended by 1,657 athletes, 253 of whom were women. For the first time, 261 amputees and 187 visually impaired athletes were included in the program as well as in several new events. The task of organization became more complicated, simply because more sport classifications were involved than ever before. Also, the accommodation of athletes with differing disabilities posed new challenges. It was becoming clear that an international body was needed, which would oversee and organize a multidisability Paralympic Games, coordinating between a host organizing committee and the governing International Federations. The Canadian Organizing Committee was able to raise funds from private donors and the Province of Ontario. Both the provincial government of Ontario and the Borough of Etobicoke helped to match the funds raised by the Organizing Committee. As suitable lodging could not be arranged in the immediate area of the events, school buses were hired and loading docks were constructed to transport the athletes and staff from the event venues to their accommodation. Disability groups were housed separately—wheelchair athletes at York University and the other groups at the University of Toronto and the Institute for the Blind.

For the first time, television coverage of the Paralympics was broadcast daily to more than 600,000 viewers in the Southern Ontario area. At the Opening Ceremony on 3 August, some 24,000 spectators cheered on the athletes at the Woodbine race track. With the entry of other disability groups, there were many new events. In wheelchair racing, new distances of 200m, 400m, 800m and 1500m were added. Rifle Shooting became a medal event, following demonstrations at previous International Stoke Mandeville Games. Goalball, a demonstration event at the 1972 Paralympics in Heidelberg, was also featured as a medal event.

Canadian Arnie Boldt, an 18-year-old single-leg amputee, gave a memorable performance, underlining the first-time participation of amputee athletes. He won the High Jump with 1.86m and the Long Jump with 2.96m, and was honored at the Closing Ceremony as the outstanding performer of the Games. Remarkable performances were also turned in by American wheelchair athletes. Among these champions was David Kiley, who set new world records in the 100m with 19 seconds, the 800m with 2:47 minutes and the 1500m with 5:32 minutes. Kiley was also on the USA Basketball team that defeated Israel 59:46 to take the gold. Swimming brought many outstanding performances in all disability groups. The Netherlands stamped its strength in the sport by taking 36 golds in Swimming.The Closing Ceremony on 11 August was held at the Centennial Park Stadium before a crowd of 5,000, ending a colourful nine-day event.

 

 

 

1976 Paralympics

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wheelchair Basketball

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WOMEN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mmmmmmmmmmmmm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

final standings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAMES PLAYED

WON

LOST

PTS FOR

PTS F AVG

PTS AGT

PTS A AVG

 

COACH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gold

1

ISRIsrael

4

4

0

206

51.5

82

20.5

 

Dan Shahar

silver

2

GER

4

3

1

174

43.5

90

22.5

 

Horst Strohkendl

bronze

3

ARG

4

2

2

92

23.0

124

31.0

 

?

 

4

CAN

4

1

3

93

23.3

130

32.5

 

?

 

5

USA

4

0

4

66

16.5

205

51.3

 

Bob Szyman Pat Karman

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

suggested scores (no games sheets provided)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 5

round robin

ISR

74

USA

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 6

round robin

CAN

31

USA

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 6

round robin

GER

32

ARG

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 7

round robin

ISR

56

ARG

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 8

round robin

ISR

39

GER

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 9

round robin

GER

66

USA

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 9

round robin

ARG

27

CAN

23

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 9

round robin

GER

46

CAN

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 9

round robin

ARG

34

USA

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 9

round robin

ISR

37

CAN

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1976

MEN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

final standings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAMES PLAYED

WON

LOST

TIE

PTS FOR

PTS F AVG

PTS AGT

PTS A AVG

COACH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm

gold

1

USAUnited States of America

8

8

0

 

634

79.3

291

36.4

Bud Rumple asst:Stan Labanowich

silver

2

ISR

7

6

1

 

483

69.0

264

37.7

Shimon Shelach

bronze

3

FRA

7

6

1

 

390

55.7

262

37.4

Robert Perri

 

4

NED

7

4

3

 

426

60.9

278

39.7

 

 

5

ARG

5

4

1

 

313

62.6

195

39.0

 

 

5

CAN

5

3

2

 

246

49.2

238

47.6

Bruce Cassidy

 

5

GBR

5

2

2

1

219

43.8

200

40.0

Howard Beale

 

5

SWE

6

3

3

 

331

55.2

344

57.3

Tommy Jacobson

 

 

AUS

5

1

4

 

223

44.6

319

63.8

Les Matthews

 

 

BEL

5

2

2

1

196

39.2

259

51.8

Theo de Clercq

 

 

BRA

5

2

3

 

247

49.4

297

59.4

Jorge Farah asst: Aldo Mirolis

 

 

COL

4

0

4

 

80

20.0

324

81.0

 

 

 

DEN

4

0

4

 

112

28.0

286

71.5

 

 

 

FIN

4

1

3

 

133

33.3

162

40.5

 

 

 

GER

4

2

2

 

167

41.8

167

41.8

 

 

 

JPN

5

1

3

1

232

46.4

295

59.0

 

 

 

ITA

4

1

3

 

175

43.8

277

69.3

 

 

 

MEX

4

2

2

 

227

56.8

234

58.5

 

 

 

ESP

4

1

2

1

193

48.3

199

49.8

 

 

 

RSA

4

0

4

 

111

27.8

244

61.0

 

 

 

SUI

4

2

2

 

156

39.0

159

39.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

suggested scores (no games sheets provided)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 4

PRELIMINARY

NED

79

MEX

53

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 4

PRELIMINARY

FRA

62

SUI

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 4

PRELIMINARY

GBR

38

ESP

38

TIE

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 4

PRELIMINARY

BRA

59

JPN

53

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 4

PRELIMINARY

USA

82

BEL

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 4

PRELIMINARY

SWE

79

AUS

51

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 5

PRELIMINARY

ISR

104

ITA

34

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 5

PRELIMINARY

ARG

73

ESP

46

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 5

PRELIMINARY

BEL

43

AUS

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 5

PRELIMINARY

USA

77

BRA

33

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 5

PRELIMINARY

ISR

72

MEX

43

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 5

PRELIMINARY

FIN

43

RSA

33

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 5

PRELIMINARY

CAN

39

SUI

28

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 5

PRELIMINARY

GER

63

DEN

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 5

PRELIMINARY

NED

82

ITA

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 6

PRELIMINARY

BEL

59

BRA

48

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 6

PRELIMINARY

JPN

58

SWE

55

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 6

PRELIMINARY

GBR

74

DEN

22

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 6

PRELIMINARY

USA

93

AUS

34

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 6

PRELIMINARY

ISR

95

COL

17

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 6

PRELIMINARY

ARG

69

GER

17

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 6

PRELIMINARY

FRA

57

CAN

34

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 7

PRELIMINARY

CAN

87

RSA

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 7

PRELIMINARY

SWE

57

BRA

56

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 7

PRELIMINARY

ESP

68

DEN

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 7

PRELIMINARY

MEX

68

ITA

55

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 7

PRELIMINARY

FRA

47

FIN

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 7

PRELIMINARY

JPN

37

BEL

37

TIE

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 7

PRELIMINARY

SUI

45

RSA

25

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 7

PRELIMINARY

ARG

52

GBR

48

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 7

PRELIMINARY

ISR

57

NED

43

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 8

PRELIMINARY

USA

83

SWE

37

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 8

PRELIMINARY

MEX

68

COL

28

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 8

PRELIMINARY

FRA

69

RSA

32

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 8

PRELIMINARY

CAN

48

FIN

37

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 8

PRELIMINARY

BRA

62

AUS

51

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 8

PRELIMINARY

ARG

81

DEN

37

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 8

PRELIMINARY

NED

94

COL

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 8

PRELIMINARY

USA

87

JPN

42

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 8

PRELIMINARY

SWE

62

BEL

36

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 8

PRELIMINARY

GBR

33

GER

28

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 8

PRELIMINARY

AUS

57

JPN

42

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 9

PRELIMINARY

SUI

34

FIN

33

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 9

PRELIMINARY

GER

59

ESP

41

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 9

PRELIMINARY

ITA

72

COL

23

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 9

QUARTER F

ISR

60

GBR

26

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 9

QUARTER F

NED

47

ARG

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 9

QUARTER F

USA

95

CAN

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 9

QUARTER F

FRA

60

SWE

41

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 10

SEMI F

ISR

49

NED

42

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 10

SEMI F

USA

58

FRA

40

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 11

GOLD/SILVER

USA

59

ISR

46

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUG 11

BRONZE

FRA

55

NED

39

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Medals won by Country

1976 Toronto (Canada)

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 USA 66 44 45 155
2 Netherlands 45 25 14 84
3 Israel 39 13 16 68
4 Germany 37 33 26 96
4 Netherlands 45 25 14 84
5 Great Britain 29 29 36 94
6 Canada 25 26 26 77
7 Poland 24 17 12 53
7 Israel 39 13 16 68
8 France 23 22 14 59
8 France 23 22 14 59
9 Sweden 22 27 25 74
9 Poland 24 17 12 53
10 Austria 18 16 17 51
11 Finland 12 20 18 50
11 Australia 16 18 8 42
12 Mexico 16 14 9 39
13 Finland 12 20 18 50
14 Japan 10 6 3 19
15 Switzerland 9 12 10 31
16 Norway 9 6 4 19
17 South Africa 7 9 12 28
18 Belgium 7 7 8 22
18 Japan 10 6 3 19
19 New Zealand 7 1 5 13
19 Norway 9 6 4 19
20 Egypt 5 2 1 8
21 Ireland 4 10 6 20
21 Argentina 3 4 6 13
22 Spain 4 6 2 12
22 New Zealand 7 1 5 13
23 Argentina 3 4 6 13
23 Spain 4 6 2 12
24 Denmark 3 0 3 6
24 Egypt 5 2 1 8
25 Italy 2 5 11 18
26 Indonesia 2 1 4 7
26 Denmark 3 0 3 6
27 Korea 1 2 1 4
28 Burma 1 1 1 3
29 Peru 1 0 2 3
30 Hong Kong 0 1 2 3
30 Peru 1 0 2 3
31 Brazil 0 1 0 1
32 Guatemala 0 0 1 1